What is a car battery charger? Can I charge the car bat […]
What is a car battery charger? Can I charge the car battery? How complicated is it? Believe it or not, there are hundreds of models of chargers to meet every situation. What is your situation? Your specific situation will determine how to choose a battery charger for the car.
Is the battery charger or quick start?
The first question to ask is whether you really need a battery charger, or are you just looking for an emergency starter that can be used in a car. Battery chargers usually stay at home or in stores, and plug in household electricity to charge the battery, and in many cases also maintain their state of charge. Jump Starters are indeed batteries, you can carry them with your car, and you can use them to quickly start low-speed car batteries in an emergency. If you are looking for a beginner, then this article is not for you. I will have another article on how to choose a starter.
Battery size and voltage:
Next, you need to ask yourself, on which vehicle will the battery be used? Cars, ships, light trucks, garden tractors, vintage cars, etc.? The vehicle will determine whether the device needs to charge a large battery or a small battery, and whether it only needs to handle 12-volt or 6-volt applications. Ordinary inexpensive car battery chargers for home use can usually handle 12 volts, and in some cases 6 volts. If you do n’t need 6 volts (some vintage cars and some tractor batteries), and do n’t think you will use them, then choosing a 12 volt charger can save money. Today, some of the best home chargers are still relatively cheap and can handle both 6-volt and 12-volt applications.
And you think you have no chemical reaction at school ... I promise I will simplify! Most automotive batteries are lead-acid batteries with the lead plates in an acid bath. The difference in chemistry is whether they are standard lead acid, AGM, Gel Cel or Deep Cycle. You don't need to know the meaning of these chemicals, just what type they are. Not all chargers are designed to meet the special needs of AGM, Gel Cel or Deep Cycle types. Most are standard lead acid. Special chemicals can be found in applications designed for devices other than cars.
The battery charger can be charged manually or automatically. Many products are fully automatic, which means they can detect when they are fully charged and automatically switch to a-stream charging or floating charging mode to prevent overcharging. This is an important function that many higher quality home chargers have.
Modern car battery chargers have many safety features, the more the better. Some security features to look for include:
1) Reverse polarity warning-If you connect the wrong cable to the wrong terminal, the charger will warn you. Usually, this causes sparks, which ignites the gas around the battery and causes an explosion.
2) Floating charging mode-The fully automatic charger will have a current charging or floating charging mode, which can detect when it is fully charged and return to the charging amplifier to avoid damage to the battery due to overcharging. In some cases, severe overcharging can cause overheating, damage, or even explosion.
3) Fireproof clamps-When connecting the charger clamps, no matter how careful the spark is, it can still be carried out. Some devices have this safety feature to reduce or even prevent sparks at the connection.
4) Battery Tester-Many chargers can detect the health of the battery. Over time, they will accumulate sulfate on their plates, reducing their ability to accept full charge. Some devices can detect that full charging cannot be accepted and warn you.
5) Battery maintenance / maintenance-Many chargers can provide maintenance or maintenance for the battery when connected. It is especially useful for things that are rarely used or stored for a period of time (such as garden tractors, motorcycles, boats, RVs, etc.).
6) Clamp Amps-The clamps connected to the terminal have ampere ratings. Generally, the rating is 50 amperes or higher. It should not be less.
Other ideal functions:
1) Microprocessor control-Basically, a microprocessor is a computer on a chip that can guide the entire charging process based on feedback from the charger and the battery itself. Many modern chargers are controlled by a microprocessor, have more options for regulating or recycling batteries, and have more precise control of the charging process, and can even improve charging performance.
2) Multi-step charging-Some chargers have the ability to charge in steps, which gives them the flexibility to better control the charging process. The steps can range from charging only and floating mode to up to 7 steps, such as those provided by Genius Chargers:
Step 1: Diagnostic procedures
Before starting the charging process, check the voltage to ensure that the connection is good and the battery is in a stable state.
Step 2: Recovery
If necessary, pulse a small amount of current to initiate the recovery process of a deep discharge or sulfated (desulfurized) battery.
Step 3: Soft start
Start the large-capacity charging process from light (soft) charging.
Step 4: Batch
The batch charging process continues and returns to 80% of the battery capacity. Indicated by 25%, 50% and 75% CHARGE LED.
Step 5: Absorption
Bring the charge level to 90%. The charger will deliver a small amount of current to provide safe and effective charging and limit deflation.
Step 6: ckle flow
The battery is fully charged and ready for use. In this step, the charger will only provide enough current as needed. If more current is needed, the charger will switch to maintenance.
Step 7: Maintenance
Continuously monitor the voltage to determine if maintenance charging should start. If the terminal voltage drops below a certain value, the charger will start a maintenance cycle until the voltage reaches an appropriate value, and then terminate the charging cycle. Repeat the loop between "ckle flow" and "maintenance" indefinitely to keep it fully charged without overcharging. The charger can remain connected indefinitely.
3) Multiple or appropriate charging amp rates: Many chargers will have multiple charging amp rates depending on whether you are charging a small battery, charging a large battery, or maintaining or maintaining a battery. If it is not a moderate 4-6 amp rate, you will usually see a charging rate of at least 2 amps and 10 amps. Unless the charging time is important to you, it is not important to have a large charging current. A microprocessor-controlled battery charger with a lower ampere rate will charge more slowly, but if the time is unacceptable, this can be done. Check the battery charger to make sure it matches your application in terms of charging time and charging current rate.
4) Easy to use: If it is important for you to use the charger easily, it can be fully automated with very few adjustments. If you have more than one battery, and each battery is a different type, you may need a slightly more complex but more powerful charger, and you can choose the output voltage, charging rate, battery chemistry, etc. The charger can be bulky, lightweight, large or large capacity. Small, bulky or easy to carry. If you need more portability, look for the handle on the bigger charger.